西藏拉萨中学2015届高三上学期第五次月考英语试题1．What’s the weather like at the moment? A．Rainy. B．Sunny. C．Cloudy. 2．What’s the woman’s roommate like? A．She’s patient. B．She’s nice. C．She’s tidy 3．Why has John moved out? A．To be near the school. B．To live in a quiet place. C．To avoid the trouble. 4．What’s the man’s problem? A．He can’t see the sign clearly. B．He has no ticket for the movie. C．He’s parked in the wrong place. 5．Which musical instrument does Bob have? A．Drums. B．A guitar. C．A violin. 第二节 （共15小题；每小题1.5分，满分22.5分） 听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题5秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第6段材料，回答第6，7题。 6．What can we learn fron the conversation? A．The woman has missed her flight. B．The plane will take off tonight. C．The airport is closed. 7．What does the woman want? A．A room for herself alone. B．A hotel close to the airport. C．A room with bright light. 听第7段材料，回答第8，9题。 8．What can we learn about the woman? A．She isn’t familiar with the Internet. B．She can’t afford a camera. C．She doesn’t like MA-205. 9．What is the man probably going to do next? A．Reduce the budget. B．Change the model. C．Order a camera. 听第8段材料，回答第10至12题。 10．What does the man show the woman? A．A magazine. B．Hair care products. C．A bottle of red wine. 11．How will the woman’s hair look? A．Long. B．Short. C．Shoulder-length. 12．Why doesn’t the woman want to change the color of her hair? A．She thinks it’s too expensive. B．She’s afraid it might damage her hair. C．She doesn’t like the suggested color. 听第9段材料，回答第13至16题。 13．How much pocket money does Lily get a month? A．About 20 pounds. B．About 15 pounds. C．About 5 pounds. 14．Why does Lily want more pocket money? A．To get as much as her friends. B．To pay for music lessons. C．To buy some clothes. 15．When can Lily have more pocket money? A．When she proves good at her school work. B．When she no longer argues with her mum. C．When she is mature in her mum’s eyes. 16．What does David suggest Lily do? A．Have a discussion with her mum. B．Help her mum with housework. C．Sit down and wait calmly. 听第10段材料，回答第17至20题。 17．Where is the speaker? A．On a plane. B．In a bus. C．At a tourist site. 18．Why is food or drink not allowed on the journey? A．To avoid annoying others. B．To show respect for the guide. C．To guarantee passengers’safety. 19．How long can the tourists stay at the first destination? A．15 to 30 minutes. B．About an hour. C．About two hours. 20．What is the second destination famous for? A．Stonehenge. B．The River Avon. C．The Roman Baths. 第二部分 阅读理解（共20小题；每小题2分，满分40分） 第一节 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A，B，C和D）中，选出最佳选项。 Some people believe that a Robin Hood is at work, others that a wealthy person simply wants to distribute his or her fortune before dying. But the donator who started sending envelopes with cash to deserving causes, accompanied by an article from the local paper, has made a northern German city believe in fairytales(童话). The first envelope was sent to a victim support group. It contained 10 000 with a cutting from the Braunschweiger Zeitung about how the group supported a woman who was robbed of her handbag；similar plain white anonymous (匿名) envelopes, each containing 10 000, then arrived at a kindergarten and a church. “For someone to act so selflessly, for this to happen in such a society in which everyone thinks of himself, was astonishing, ”Mrs. Neumann said. Her family wonder whether the donator is a Robin Hood character, taking from banks to give to the needy. Henning Noske, the editor of the Braunschweiger Zeitung，said:“Maybe it is an old person who is about to die. We just do not know.”However, he has told his reporters not to look for the city’s hero，for fear that discovery may stop the donations. 21．The Braunschweiger Zeitung is the name of . A．a church B．a bank C．a newspaper D．a magazine 22．Which of the following is TRUE about the donation to Tom? A．The donation amounted to 190 000. B．The donation was sent directly to his house. C．The money will be used for his education. D．His mother felt astonished at the donation. 23．It can be inferred from the passage that . A．the donator is a rich old man B．the donation will continue to come C．the donation comes from the newspaper D．the donator will soon be found out 24．What would be the best title for the passage? A．Money Is Raised by the Newspaper B．Newspaper Distributes Money to the Needy C．Unknown Hero Spreads Love in Envelopes D．Robin Hood Returns to the City At exactly eleven Sir Percival knocked and entered，with anxiety and worry in every line of his face. This meeting would decide his future life，and he obviously knew it. “You may wonder，Sir Percival，”said Laura calmly，“if Iam going to ask to be released（免除）from my promise to marry you. I am not going to ask this. I respect my father’s wishes too much.” His face relaxed a little，but one of his feet kept beating the carpet. “No，if we are going to withdraw (退出) from our planned marriage，it will be because of your wish，not mine.” “Mine?”he said in great surprise.“What reason could I have for withdrawing?” “A reason that is very hard to tell you,”she answered.“There is a change in me.” “His face went so pale that even his lips lost their color. He turned his head to one side. “What change?”he asked，trying to appear calm. “When the promise was made two years ago, ”she said，“my love did not belong to anyone. Will you forgive me，Sir Percival，if I tell you that it now belongs to another person?” “I wish you to understand，” “Laura continued，“that I will never see this person again，and that if you leave me，you only allow me to remain a single woman for the rest of my life. All I ask is that you forgive me and keep my secret.” “I will do both those things,”he said. Then he looked at Laura，as if he was waiting to hear more. “I think I have said enough to give you reason to withdraw from our marriage,”she added quietly. “No. You have said enough to make it the dearest wish of my life to marry you,”he said. 25．How did Percival feel during his meeting with Laura？ A．Angry. B．Calm. C．Nervous. D．Excited.. 26．We can learn from the passage that . A．Laura had once promised to marry Percival B．Laura’s father wished to end her marriage C．Percival had been married to Laura for two years D．Percival asked to be released from the marriage 27．The passage is probably taken out of . A．a novel B．a report C．a diary D．an essay Finally,a cell phone That’s...a phone With rates as low as ＄3.75 per week！ “Well, I finally did it. I finally decided to enter the digital age and get a cell phone. My kids have been annoying me and the last straw was when my car broke down, and I was stuck by the highway for an hour before someone stopped to help. But when I went to the cell phone store, I almost changed my mind. The phones all have cameras, computers and a‘global-positioning’something or other that’s supposed to spot me from space. Goodness, all I want to do is to be able to talk to my grandkids！The people at the store weren’t much help. They couldn’t understand why someone wouldn’t want a phone the size of a postage stamp. And the rate plans！They were confusing, and expensive...and the contract（合同）lasted for two years！I’d almost given up until a friend told me about her new Jitterbug phone. Now,I have the convenience and safety of being about to stay in touch...with a phone I can actually use. ” Affordable plans that I can understand-and no contract to sing（签订）！Unlike other cell phones, Jitterbug has plans that make sense. Why should I pay for minutes I’m never going to use? And if I do talk more than I plan, I won’t find myself with no minutes like my friend who has a prepaid phone. Best of all, there is no contract to sign-so I’m not locked in for years at a time. The US-based customer service is second to none. And the phone gets service anywhere in the country. |Monthly Minutes |50 |100 | |Monthly Rate |＄14.99 |＄19.99 | |911 Access |FREE |FREE | |Long Distance Calls |No additional charge |No additional charge | |Friendly Return Policy |30 days |30 days | Call now and receive a FREE gift when you order. Try Jitterbug for 30 days and if you don’t love it, just return it！Why wait, the Jitterbug comes reaby to use right out of the box. If you aren’t as happy with it as I am, you can return it and get your money back. Call now, the Jitterbug product experts are ready to answer your questions. Call 1-888-809-8794 or visit www.jitterbugdirect.com. 28．What made“I”finally think of getting a cell phone? A．Being stuck by the highway. B．Being urged by his grandkids. C．Being persuaded by cell phone salespersons. D．Being attracted by the friendly return policy. 29．On the monthly basis of 100 minutes, the Jitterbug weekly rate is about . A．＄3.75 B．＄4.99 C．＄14.99 D．＄19.99 30．An advantage of Jitterbug mentioned in the passage is . A．its discount price with a free gift B．its reasonable rate plans without a contract C． its“global-positioning”system with 911 access D．its good customer service all over the world 31．The main purpose of the passage is to . A．tell a customer’s story of Jitterbug B．provide two ways to order Jitterbug C．give a brief introduction of Jitterbug D．attract potential customers to Jitterbug Do you know how it is when you see someone yawn and you start yawning too? Or how hard it is to be among people laughing and not laugh yourself? Well, apparently it’s because we have mirror neurons（神经元）in our brains. Put simply, the existence of mirror neurons suggests that every time we see someone else do something, our brains imitate（模仿）it, whether or not we actually perform the same action. This explains a great deal about how we learn to smile, talk, walk, dance or play sports. But the idea goes further:mirror neurons not only appear to explain physical actions, they also tell us that there is a biological basis for the way we understand other people. Mirror neurons can undoubtedly be found all over our brains, but especially in the areas which relate to our ability to use languages, and to understand how other people feel. Researchers have found that mirror neurons relate strongly to language. A group of researchers discovered that if they gave people sentences to listen to (for example:“The hand took hold of the ball”), the same mirror neurons were triggered as when the action was actually performed (in this example, actually taking hold of a ball). Any problems with mirror neurons may well result in problems with behavior. Much research suggests that people with social and behavioral problems have mirror neurons which are not fully functioning. However, it is not yet known exactly how these discoveries might help find treatments for social disorders. Research into mirror neurons seems to provide us with ever more information concerning how humans behave and interact(互动). Indeed, it may turn out to be the equivalent(相等物)for neuroscience of what Einstein’s theory of relativity was for physics. And the next time you feel the urge to cough in the cinema when someone else does-well, perhaps you’ll understand why. 32．Mirror neurons can explain . A．why we cry when we are hurt B．why we cough when we suffer from a cold C．why we smile when we see someone else smile D．why we yawn when we see someone else stay up late 33．The underlined word“triggered”in the third paragraph probably means“ ”. A．set off B．cut off C．built up D．broken up 34．We can learn from the passage that mirror neurons . A．relate to human behavior and interaction B．control human physical actions and feelings C．result in bad behavior and social disorders D．determine our knowledge and language abilities 35．What is the passage mainly about? A．Ways to find mirror neurons. B．Problems of mirror neurons. C．Existence of mirror neurons. D．Functions of mirror neurons. 第二节 根据短文内容，从下框A、B、C、D、E、F中选出正确的在空白处（共10分，每题2分） When it comes to understanding new information, the human brain needs a little time. First, we hear the words；then, we compare the new information to what we already know. If the two are different, we need to pause and think. But a breathless speaker never stops to let us think about what he or she is saying and risks confusing us. Slow it down. And breathe. Sometimes we all start a sentence one way and then switch directions, which is very difficult to follow. When you confuse your listeners with opposing information, you leave the audience wondering what part of the information is right and what part they should remember. Instead of relying on keeping correcting yourself, work to get the facts clear and straight. Jumping from point to point as it comes to your mind puts the onus（责任）on your listeners to make up for your lack of organisation. And it’s confusing for them to listen, reorganise, and figure out what you’re saying all at once. But going smoothly from one point to the next helps them understand information more easily. You can arrange things from beginning to end, small to large, top to bottom or by some other order. Just be sure to organise. Repeated use of um, ah, like,you know and some other useless noises can drive an audience crazy. It makes the speaker sound uncertain and unprepared, and it can leave listeners so annoyed that they can’t pay attention. Recently I attended a speech that was marked by so many ums that audience members were rolling their eyes. Was anybody grasping the intended message?Um, probably not. Many speakers finish up their speeches with question-and-answer(Q&A) sessions, but some let the Q&A go on without a clear end. The audience is often left confused about whether the meeting is over and when they can get up and leave. Do your listeners a favour by setting a time limit on questions, and close your speech with a specific signal-even if it’s something simple like.“If you have any more questions, you know where to reach me.” Or even more to the point, conclude your speech with “Thanks for your time”. |A. Be well-organised | |B. Close with a Q&A. | |C. Don’t be contradictory. | |D. Bring it to a specific end. | |E. Speak slowly an pause. | |F. Drop unnecessary words. | 第三部分 知识运用 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C和D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。（每题1.5分，共20题，总分30分） I truly feel that my mother led me here, to Morzaine, and to my future as a happy wife and businesswoman. When Mum 41 in October 2007, I was a cook. In December that year, while I was working for a wedding, a pearl necklace Mum had left me 42 . I was distraught（忧心如焚的）.Some days later, I was 43 that a guy who was working with us that day,“could probably have made a fortune 44 the necklace he found.” 45 he returned it. Hearing how I’d 46 Mum for six months before her death, he said,“Christmas is going to be 47 why not go out to the Alps for a couple of weeks？” I came to Morzaine, a small, friendly village in the Alps and 48 fell in love with it. What was 49 to be a stopgap（权宜之计）trip turned into a new life. I kept travelling between London and here and felt 50 than I had in months . I had in months. In December 2008, I was 51 as a hotel manager and moved here full time. A month later, I met Paul, who was travelling here. We fell in love. In the beginning, I didn’t want to discuss 52 , because the sadness of losing Mum 53 felt great. Paul understood that and never 54 me but, by summer, we got married. A year later, we used his savings, and the money from the sale of Mum’s house, to build our own 55 . We want to give our guests a 56 feel, so each room is themed（以…为主题）around memories from our lives. There are also styles to remind me of Mum-a tiny chair which 57 be in her bedroom is set in one room. We are having a wonderful life and Mum 58 naturally part of it, 59 there’s no way we would be here if it wasn’t for the 60 she gave me. I know she’s here in spirit, keeping an eye on us. |41．A．died |B．came |C．returned |D．visited | |42．A．burned |B．disappeared |C．broke |D．dropped | |43．A．shown |B．comforted |C．persuaded |D．told | |44．A．hiding |B．stealing |C．selling |D．wearing | |45．A．Luckily |B．Naturally |C．Surely |D．Hopefully | |46．A．nursed |B．cured |C．missed |D．guarded | |47．A．long |B．hard |C．merry |D．free | |48．A．suddenly |B．finally |C．nearly |D．immediately | |49．A．said |B．proved |C．supposed |D．judged | |50．A．smarter |B．higher |C．firmer |D．lighter | |51．A．honoured |B．hired |C．regarded |D．trained | |52．A．travel |B．business |C．children |D．marriage | |53．A．recently |B．once |C．still |D．firstly | |54．A．left |B．pushed |C．surprised |D．interrupted | |55．A．hotel |B．restaurant |C．home |D．shop | |56．A．homely |B．lively |C．motherly |D．friendly | |57．A．ought to |B．used to |C．might |D．could | |58．A．takes |B．keeps |C．looks |D．feels | |59．A．unless |B．while |C．because |D．though | |60．A．money |B．chair |C．house |D．necklace | 第四部分 知识运用（共三节，满分50分） 第一节 语法填空（每小题1.5分，满分15分） People often don’t do what they really want to for fear of failure. You don’t apply for a job 61 case you don’t get it. You don’t perform at the school concert b 62 others might laugh at you. A lack of confidence can 1 63 to a lot of suffering. The key to o 64 this problem is to believe in yourself. This might be 65 （容易）said than done, but there are many w 66 to help you do this. Talk about your problem with a friend or look 67 advice on the Internet. Imagine yourself being 68 （成功）and practise breathing techniques to keep you calm when you get nervous. And the 69 important thing is:Believe you can do it. When you’ve 70 （学会）to do that, you are well on your way. 第二节 短文改错（共10小题；每小题1分，满分10分） 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断：如无错误，在该行右边横线上画一个勾（√）；如有错误（每行只有一个错误），则按下列情况改正： 此行多一个词：把多余的词用斜线（）划掉，在该行右边横线上写出该词，并也用斜线划掉。 此行缺一个词：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词：在错的词下画一横线，在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意：原行没有错的不要改。 | Tom was having much troubles getting up in the | |Morning and was always late with work. His boss wanted to | |fire him if he didn’t start coming on time, but he went to | |the doctor for a help. The doctor gave him some | |medicine and told him to take them before he went to bed. | |The man did as told and slept really well, wake up before | |the alarm had even gone off. He had time for a properly | |breakfast and was still the first reach the factory.“Boss,”he | |said,“that medicine really works!”“I’m pleasing to | |hear it,”said his boss,“hut where were you yesterday?” | 第三节 书面表达（满分25分） 最近，某中学生英文报开设了“After-class Activities”的栏目。请你根据以下提示，为该栏目写一篇英文稿件，并鼓励同学们积极参加课外活动。 1．你校开展课外活动的情况； 2．你参加过的课外活动及给你带来的益处； 3．为同学选择课外活动提出建议； 4．为学校开展课外活动提出建议。 注意：1．词数100左右； 2．文中不得提及具体人名、校名及地名； 3．稿件的开头已为你写好（不计入总词数） After-class Activities. Nowadays,after-class activities are becoming more and mere poplular in high schools.